Lord Nelson joined the Royal Navy as a boy and lost an eye and an arm in battle. He led Britain to victory at the Battle of Trafalgar but died in the fight.
King John kept lions and bears at the Tower of London in 1204. The animals were finally moved to London Zoo in 1831.
Henry VIII was a keen tennis player. He invented the ‘service’ – his servants used to throw the ball up in the air for him because he was too fat to do it himself. While his second wife Ann Boleyn was being beheaded at Tower Green, Henry played tennis at Hampton Court. The tennis court is still in use today.
Horse Guards Parade is a large parade ground. It was formerly the site of the Palace of Whitehall’s tilt yard, where tournaments were held between knights in armour in the time of Henry VIII. Today it is the scene of the annual celebrations of the Monarch’s official birthday — the Trooping of the Colour.